Cleveland Quick Facts

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Named for: General Moses Cleaveland, Surveyor for the Connecticut Land Company
First Settler: Lorenzo Carter Nickname: The Forest City
Motto: Progress and Prosperity
Founded: 1796
Incorporated: Village: 1814
City: 1836
Country: United States
County: Cuyahoga
State: Ohio
 
Longitude: 81°40'11”W
Latitude: 41°28'56”N
Area (square miles): 77.9
Elevation (above sea level): 653 feet
 
Population:
City of Cleveland (2009 est): 431,369
Cleveland-Akron-Elyria CSA (July 2007 est): 2,896,968
 
Time Zone:  Eastern Standard Time (Summer  DST)                  Area Code: 216
 
Temperature
Avg. High
Avg. Low
Avg Lake Erie
 
January
33°F
19°F
34°F
 
July
81°F
62°F
71°F
(August 74°F)
 
Precipitation: Average Annual: 38.7”
Waterways:  Major - Lake Erie, Cuyahoga River
Other - Rocky River, Big Creek, Doan Brook, Euclid Creek, Mill Creek
Tallest Building:  Key Tower 948 feet
Airports:  Cleveland Hopkins International Airport,  Burke Lakefront Airport
Daily Newspaper: The Plain Dealer (http://www.cleveland.com/ )
 
Largest Employers 2007 (non-government):
Cleveland Clinic, University Hospitals, Keycorp, National City Corporation, Metrohealth System,
Case Western Reserve University, Sherwin-Williams Company, Continental Airlines
 
Cleveland Firsts
* Free home delivery of mail: 1863        * Electric streetcar operation: 1884
* Automatically operating wind turbine for electric generation: 1888
* Padded bicycle seat: 1892 * X-ray photo: 1896 * Successful blood transfusion: 1905
* Electric traffic signal: 1914 * Municipal airport: 1927 * Rock ’n Roll concert:  1952
*  Successful coronary bypass operation: 1967       * African-American mayor (major U.S. city):  1967
* NFL “Monday Night Football” game:  1970        * Artificial human chromosomes: 1997
 
Government:  Mayor, Council (19 ward representatives)
Websites:  City Administration:  http://www.city.cleveland.oh.us
City Council:  http://www.clevelandcitycouncil.org/