Hubbell and Benes was one of the prominent Cleveland architectural firms from the early 20th century. Benjamin Hubbell and W. Dominick Benes had worked in the office of Coburn and Barnum before they formed the firm of Hubbell & Benes. They had several important commissions including the Citizens Building, the Cleveland Museum of Art, the West Side Market, the YMCA, the Ohio Bell Building, and the Illuminating Building. The firm also designed numerous homes, commercial buildings, and telephone exchange buildings. They were instrumental in the early planning for University Circle. Benjamin Hubbell retired in 1927, but the firm remained in business after the original partners died. In 1960 it was known as Hubbell, Benes & Hoff, with Benjamin Hubbell's son Benjamin S. Hubbell (1897-1988). The Western Reserve Historical Society has an extensive collection of the firm's drawings.
The following are abbreviations used throughout the database
AABN – American Architect and Builders News (1876 – 1909) bp – City of Cleveland Building Permits (1889 – present) cd – City Directories mps – Mary Peale Schofield files – Western Reserve Historical Society Inland – Inland Architect Intestate – Interstate Architect and Builder (1899 – 1902) nd – no date NRHP – National Register of Historic Places OAB – Ohio Architect and Builder (1903 – 1909) OAEB – Ohio Architect, Engineer and Builder (1910 – 1919) ohi – Ohio Historical Inventory form PD – Plain Dealer